UNICEF Key Considerations for GBV Risk Mitigation in Humanitarian Cash Transfers (HCTs) – Global



This key considerations document for UNICEF staff and partners is a complement to the EMOPS guidelines on humanitarian cash transfers (HCT).

UNICEF uses HCT to contribute to better results across all programming areas, where appropriate. Integrating gender-based violence (GBV) risk mitigation into all humanitarian programs across all sectors improves UNICEF’s performance and contributes to better results for children and women. HCTs are better able to achieve their results when they integrate GBV protection and risk mitigation.

As with any other programming tool or modality, it is important to recognize that HCT interventions can create new GBV risks and exacerbate existing risks.

Women and girls may face an increased risk of intimate partner violence, sexual exploitation, denial of resources or other forms of GBV if new resources – whether cash, vouchers or kits/other in-kind – are introduced into humanitarian settings without adequate GBV risk analysis, mitigation mechanisms, and continuous monitoring of security considerations throughout the project cycle.

In all humanitarian programming, there is also an inherent power differential between humanitarian actors and beneficiaries.

Potential sexual exploitation and abuse (SEA) by UNICEF staff and partners, including the private sector and government, is one type of GBV risk that is addressed in this document. Note: SEA-related content focuses on recommendations to mitigate SEA risks, not broader requirements for reporting, investigations, etc.


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