Yemen is in the throes of one of the biggest humanitarian crises in the world. More than 50% of the Yemeni population does not have access to the food necessary for their survival, while poverty, hunger and malnutrition are worsening due to recurrent crises, conditions of war and conflict, the COVID-19 pandemic and the fallout from the Russian-Ukrainian war, with its direct and indirect repercussions on the already dire nutritional and humanitarian situation in the country.
The growing levels of food insecurity in Yemen and the possibility that some pockets of the country will slide into famine are of most concern. As the world’s attention turns to developments in Ukraine, apart from what is happening in Yemen which is now entering its eighth year of conflict and war which has resulted in a dire humanitarian situation in the country . At the March 2022 donor conference, Yemen received pledges to fund only around 30% of the total humanitarian assistance required for 2022, i.e. less than the amount received in 2020 which given the outbreak of the COVID-19 pandemic. This is clearly insufficient to deal with the deterioration of the humanitarian situation in the country, let alone the needs for recovery and economic growth. Without additional action by the international community to raise funds, the humanitarian situation will worsen, as will the suffering and frustration of the populations.
Living conditions in Yemen are expected to deteriorate significantly following the Russian-Ukrainian conflict, with food insecurity and malnutrition having already reached alarming levels. This is mainly due in part to the deterioration of local food production and agricultural assets, and rising food prices.
Given the current situation in Yemen, the Russian-Ukrainian war will undoubtedly have more severe effects on the poorest and most vulnerable groups. This is mainly due to the fact that Yemen imports 45% of its wheat needs from Russia and Ukraine, and food accounts for at least two-thirds of total household expenditure, which puts enormous pressure on levels of food insecurity and malnutrition, especially among children, with many families forced to pawn their valuables to buy food, resulting in higher school dropout rates among children in households the poorest.
This analytical paper explores the socio-economic implications of the Russian-Ukrainian war on Yemen, with particular emphasis on future trends and prospects; as well as potential risks and impacts in the social and economic spheres in Yemen. Therefore, support must be provided to design and implement interventions in line with the humanitarian development response, and to promote investment in local food production and capacity building, as the best route to boosting the products of the market and contribute to a more stabilized environment by applying a multi-faceted approach. addressing the humanitarian, development and peacebuilding dimensions.