Return Index Thematic Series Briefing #4: No Way Home: An Assessment of Obstacles to Sustainable Return and Reintegration in Places of No Return – Iraq

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INTRODUCTION

IOM DTM conducts regular assessments of over 4,500 sites in which internally displaced persons (IDPs) or returnees reside across Iraq. A locality is defined as an area that corresponds either to a village, for rural areas, or to a neighborhood in urban areas (ie the fourth official administrative division). Data is collected by IOM’s Rapid Assessment and Response Teams (RARTs), which are deployed across the country. IOM’s RARTs collect data through key informant interviews, using an extensive and well-established network of over 9,500 key informants that includes community leaders, mukhtars, local authorities and security forces. security.
Places of no return are those that have registered displacement during or since the 2014-2017 conflict with the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL), but have not registered any return or have registered by that all returnees have been relocated.
Places of no return typically have no key informants and few or no residents and are therefore difficult to identify and monitor. To address the lack of information on the conditions in these places, the DTM began identifying places of no return in January 2019. Since then, the tool for assessing places of no return has been refined and expanded. to better meet the information needs of program teams. . The data for this report was collected between January and March 2022. The report presents information on:

• Access to places of no return, for IOM RARTs, other agencies and other individuals, including residents;

• The extent of displacement and the number of families residing in these localities before 2014, if known;

• The presence of security actors, including which actors influence returns;

• Whether returns are blocked for all or for certain groups and individuals;

• The predominant security issues and extent of residential destruction in each location; and • Reasons why returns have not occurred to date.
This report analyzes the prevalence and distribution of these factors, to provide an evidence base for strategic programming in places of no return.

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