This regular update, covering humanitarian developments up to 31 July, is produced by OCHA Myanmar in collaboration with the Inter-Cluster Coordination Group and UN agencies. The next Humanitarian Update will be released in August 2022.
HIGHLIGHTS AND KEY MESSAGES
• More than 1.2 million people are currently displaced across the country. This includes nearly 866,400 people displaced by conflict and insecurity since the military coup last year.
• Inflation in commodity prices, including for food, fuel, housing materials and non-food items, remains a major concern for partners in meeting the needs of the most vulnerable. Interim measures are being applied to mitigate its impact on humanitarian programming where possible, but communities are struggling in the face of cost pressures.
• Humanitarians are stepping up efforts to extend support to affected people in northwestern Myanmar, which hosts the majority of the country’s new IDPs (583,100 as of 25 July 2022).
• Contingency planning is underway as tensions escalate in Rakhine.
• The unstable security situation and cyclical displacement in the South East and North West exacerbate mental health problems among children and their caregivers, generating an increased need for child protection responses in these areas.
• In northern Shan, forced recruitment, extortion and landmines continue to endanger IDPs and host communities.
• In Rakhine, there remain significant shortages of shelters for displaced people. There are also significant water availability deficits at AA-MAF sites in Rakhine and Chin.
• In the southeast, shelter and other humanitarian assistance is urgently needed for newly displaced people, including 5,400 new IDPs in Kyaukkyi township, east Bago.
• The 2022 Humanitarian Response Plan (HRP) is only 13% funded, hence the need to prioritize in the second half of the year.
1.2 million internally displaced people in Myanmar
866K people currently displaced by clashes and insecurity since February 2021
346,000 people internally displaced due to conflict before February 2021, mainly in Rakhine, Kachin, Chin and Shan
21,000 civilian properties estimated burned or destroyed since February 2021.
Displacement figures fluctuate in any given month. These figures represent the number of people currently displaced. Cumulative numbers for returns and moves are not always available.
The people of Myanmar continue to bear the brunt of ongoing hostilities and a crippling economic situation that has been compounded by rising inflation since May. Both crises have entrenched people’s pre-existing vulnerabilities and generated new needs. There are currently over 1.2 million internally displaced persons (IDPs) in camps and informal displacement sites across the country. Of those displaced, 866,4002 have fled their homes since the 2021 military coup. A further 346,600 people are in protracted displacement due to conflict before 2021, the majority of whom are in Rakhine State. Many of the new IDPs have been displaced multiple times. Many have taken refuge for months in the jungle, where it is difficult to reach them with humanitarian aid, especially during the rainy season.
Over the past year, a limited number of IDPs have managed to return to their places of origin, but this is sometimes short-lived and most people have not been able to return due to insecurity and ongoing hostilities in their place of origin, destruction of their homes or lack of means of subsistence. More than 21,000 civilian properties, including homes, churches, monasteries and schools, have reportedly been destroyed since the army took over.
Humanitarian partners are trying to reach 6.2 million people with life-saving assistance this year, including people displaced in conflict zones, wherever access is possible. Despite continued access challenges and lack of funding, humanitarian partners provided affected people with essential life-saving assistance, including emergency shelter and non-food items, food and livelihoods assistance, health and nutrition, education, and protective services, including child protection. , gender-based violence, legal aid and mine action, to alleviate their suffering and build their resilience. Mid-year results are being finalized and are expected to show that at least 3 million people, almost half of the 2022 target, have been reached with humanitarian assistance since the start of the year. year. The Inter-Cluster Coordination Group (ICCG) is working to identify ways to expand reach in underserved and high-displacement areas, particularly in the North West where response has been difficult. On July 29, the HCT approved a proposal to proceed with the creation of a sub-national ICCG for the North West to improve coordination and information sharing, as well as promote access.
Myanmar remains one of only four countries in the world classified by ACAPS as having “extreme” access constraints, alongside Eritrea, Ukraine and Yemen.3 A new analysis of physical constraints , conflicts and stakeholders that affect accessibility in different parts of the country was produced by the Humanitarian Access Working Group.
The analysis indicates that humanitarian access is rated as ‘difficult’ or ‘very difficult’ for at least 1.4 million of the 6.2 million people targeted for assistance this year. High-level efforts continue to advocate for access to these areas and donors are encouraged to support partner efforts in underserved areas where needs are great, recognizing that this work may take longer, require more human resources and produce results on a smaller scale. due to access constraints.
Several inter-agency needs monitoring missions took place during the first half of the year. At the end of June, several United Nations agencies visited a relocation site, a temporary displacement site and three protracted displacement camps in Kyaukme,
Manton and Namtu townships in northern Shan to assess the overall humanitarian situation of displaced people and identify needs and gaps in responses. Based on the findings of this mission, the displaced people need more vocational training activities to support their livelihoods. In Namtu township, displaced people need sewage services and chemicals to purify water. Displaced children have access to public education in these two towns, and health services are also provided, but these need to be scaled up. With the continued increase in commodity prices, camp operating costs have become difficult within existing allocations, especially in protracted IDP camps and relocation sites in Manton and Namtu townships. The UN, in collaboration with its partners, including local organizations, is currently organizing responses to identified needs. The joint distribution mission to southern Shan which was planned for early July in response to a previous needs monitoring mission, remains on hold due to travel clearance issues. Advocacy is underway to resolve this delay.
It is essential that humanitarian partners have unconditional, unhindered and safe access to all affected people, wherever they are in Myanmar. Funding is also essential, especially in light of rising inflation since May 2022, to save more lives, protect people and alleviate their suffering. As of July 27, the 2022 Humanitarian Response Plan is only 13% funded, leaving a shortfall of $719 million (FTS) and clusters will struggle to make difficult prioritization decisions for the second half of the year.
- United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs
- To learn more about OCHA’s activities, please visit https://www.unocha.org/.