Kronborg Castle – a unique Renaissance building, a UNESCO World Heritage Site in Denmark


Baku, November 15, AZERTAC

Located north of Elsinore on a strategically important site overlooking the Sound (Øresund), a narrow stretch of water between Denmark and Sweden, Kronborg Castle has played a key role in European history of the North from the 16th to the 18th century.

Thanks to Kronborg Castle, located in the narrowest part of the Sound – the gateway to the Baltic Sea, which is only four kilometers wide, this passage was controlled by Denmark from 1429 to 1857.

Around 1.8 million ships passed through the Sound during this time and all had to pay a toll at Kronborg Castle. For this reason, Kronborg Castle and its fortress have become a symbol of Denmark’s power.

In the 1420s, Eric of Pomerania built the first castle, the “Krogen”, on this unique site. Remnants of the old walls can still be seen at the castle today.

In 1574, King Frederik II began construction of the exceptional Renaissance castle and surrounding fortifications, which would later become Kronborg Castle.

Following the terrible fire of 1629, the castle was rebuilt almost identically. The chapel, which was the only building not to have been ravaged by fire, has retained its original altar, gallery and pews, with fine carvings and painted panels.

The castle itself is a Renaissance building with four wings surrounding a spacious courtyard. The light sandstone facades are characterized by horizontal bands and the front walls are balanced by towers and spires.

The castle is profusely and richly decorated with unique and imaginative patterned sandstone ornaments. The Great Hall (the banqueting hall) is one of the most exquisite halls of this era – and the largest of its kind in Northern Europe.

Kronborg Castle is also known worldwide as the setting for Shakespeare’s Hamlet.

Listed as a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 2000, Kronborg Castle was admired for its beauty as a castle and feared for its strength as a fortress.

The castle was protected by high ramparts and powerful angular bastions. The overall impression of Kronborg Castle is closely linked to its architecture and location, which underline the symbolic, commercial and strategic importance of the castle.

AZERTAG.AZ :Kronborg Castle – a unique Renaissance building, a UNESCO World Heritage Site in Denmark

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